Known Unknown

Mesopotamian religion: the new foundation of the way of life

Sixty is considered to be a holy number in relation to the god An. As a direct consequence of this, the number sixty was chosen as the base for the deck of counting. This included minutes in sixty seconds, hours in sixty minutes, and the measurement of sixty-based circles. People have continued to uphold the ritual even in more recent times. The hunt for the origins of urbanism, wheels, writing, astronomy, mathematics, agriculture, and animal husbandry are all examples of how rich Mesopotamian civilization’s legacy is. (Mesopotamian culture, Mesopotamian religion, Mesopotamian divinity)

In her book titled “Begins at Sum,” S. Ann Kramer provides a list of 39 names that have their roots in the basins of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Later on, its cultural impact expanded to other places, like as Egypt and Greece, and even to the land of Rome, which was a long way away. The directions east and west are denoted by the words ASU and now, respectively, in the Mesopotamian language. There is a widespread misconception that the words Asia and Europe derive from this region. That establishes Mesopotamia as the geographic focal point of the planet.

In both the Syrian Valley and Palestine, there were already established communities that had become permanent. Over the course of time, a group of them known as the Akkadians moved to the region of Sumer that is located on the border between the Tigris and the Euphrates rivers. Sumerians were radically dissimilar to Akkadians, despite the fact that both groups spoke a branch of the Semitic language family.

The history of religion has a profound impact on this distinction’s development. The Sumerian god of the sky, whose name literally translates to “sky,” was known for his secrecy. The deity of the weather, Enlil, and the god of the soil, Enki, were influential in his absence. The goddess Nammu is said to be the mother of everything.

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In the ancient Sumerian tradition, there are at least four different accounts of how humans first came into being. Because of the magnitude of the disparities between them, four whole distinct cultures were able to coexist. The first version of this legend states that they originated from the ground, exactly like the first human plants did. The second myth is associated with greater prosperity.

Clay was used to sculpt a man by the divine sculptors in heaven. After then, the goddess Nammu created the heart, and the goddess Enki blew life into the soul. The third story states that the goddess Aruru was responsible for the creation of early man. The blood of the two Lahma deities was used, in accordance with the fourth version of the myth, to bring humanity into existence for a specific reason. The preceding explanation gained notoriety for the evolutionary perspective it offered on events that occurred during the Babylonian period. (Mesopotamian culture, Mesopotamian religion, Mesopotamian divinity)

At least two different versions of the Sumerian story hold that the fundamental goal in the creation of humans was to fulfill the needs of the gods. Provide the gods with adoration, offerings, and sacrifices. Participate in group celebrations such as the New Year’s celebration, harvesting, and others. Not only is man the gods’ servant, but he also serves as their representative and copies their behaviors.

Man is obligated to adhere to that commandment because the gods are the ones who make the ultimate decision regarding creation. The concept of sin and virtue can be found in this act of obedience. The world has been repeatedly tarnished by the wrongdoing and disobedience of humans. It is almost midnight on New Year’s Eve. The world gets cleansed of its pollutants and given a fresh start with the beginning of each new year. A little bit of divine energy gives the texture an additional boost of energy. In Sumerian, the celebration of the New Year was known as Akatil, which literally translates to “the power to restore the soil.”

The circumstances surrounding the founding of the temple are much more important to consider. In his sleep, King Godiya had a dream in which Goddess Nidaba teaches him about the characteristics of each star and its name. A temple is going to be built, as it has been revealed by a deity. As is customary, temples can be found in heaven; the model for the temple that was created on earth was closely followed. Theology and astronomy in Sumer converged as a result of this.

The Great Flood

The Great Flood is one attraction in the history of religion. Right after the story of creation, people recall the most significant flood. Not simply the Abrahamic faiths; Each religion describes its memories individually. Usually, the gods or the ultimate Creator aroused the floodgates to destroy the civilisation on earth.

Water alludes to primal stasis. The process of creation begins with limitless and stagnant water. And the floodwaters arrived to bring the world system back to its original state. It is the preparation for re-creation by purifying the creation. Almost all such myths have a hero. Her efforts to save unusual followers or pure males have persisted for decades.

The myth of the Sumerian Great Flood is termed Eridu Genesis. The oldest surviving Mesopotamian specimen to date. The key character is King Jishudra, the priest of Suruppak Nagar.

The word suruppak signifies ‘long life’. According to the story, the god’s An, Enlil, Enki, and Ninhursag formed the earth. (Mesopotamian culture, Mesopotamian religion, Mesopotamian divinity)

Humans and a variety of creatures built the habitable planet. He constructed cities and ports. But people soon turned the planet nasty with crime, injustice, and noise. The god Enlil planned the Great Flood because of his annoyance to man and for tranquility in the world. The deity Enki to the priest-king Jishudra, brought from behind the wall the news. He pointed out the path.

Jishudra built a longboat as intended. People and animals are raised in it. The water came in time—heavy rain for seven days and seven nights. The whole earth went under the waves. When the sky was quiet, Jishudra climbed out from the boat and offered sacrifice to the sun god Utu Shamas. Ann and Enlil regretted their irresponsible decision. Jishudra was entrusted to a paradise named Dilmun to preserve humanity. They have taken this understanding of the Great Flood through to succeeding Mesopotamian cults.

The world

Sumer experienced a golden age under the reign of Emperor Lagaljagisi i.e., circa 2375 BC. Then the Akkadian Empire progressively collapsed and grew through the Akkadian Emperor Sargon. After a century, it too stagnated. There existed political unity between Sumer and Akka. However, the Sumerian language progressively became unclean. The gods like An, Enlil and Yaar also lose their dominance. Marduk, Ishtar, and Shamas took over the place.

“How was the universe created?” Enuma Elish answers that question in Sumerian-Akkadian philosophy. Tiamat was the goddess of salt water, and Apsu was the goddess of freshwater. Their children are Anshar and Kishar. From them, the god Akash is born, and from Anur, the god Ya is born.

However, the central story of Enuma Elisha is about the god Marduk. Marduk is the son of the goddess Ya and the goddess Damkina.

Apsu grew annoyed with the world. He destroys everything. The decision horrified Tiamat and alerted him of the other gods. Yi ultimately puts Apsu to sleep and murders him. But Tiamat did not want it. That’s why he felt enraged at the decision of retribution. Some gods join him. Not just this time; (Mesopotamian civilization, Mesopotamian religion, Mesopotamian god) (Mesopotamian civilization, Mesopotamian religion, Mesopotamian god)

The other gods of the world likewise grew afraid when they beheld the anger of Tiamat. Not getting to Nayantara, everyone went to Marduk. Marduk confronted the adversary on the condition of achieving the top place in Devakul. They vanquished Tiamat and his followers through a brutal struggle.

The dead Tiyamat is separated into two sections, the sky with one piece and the ground with the other part. I prepared other features of the body with planets, stars, and sky. They make a man of that blood by slaying Kingu, the companion of Tiamat. This intricate tale regarding the creation of man and the beginning of the universe was also prominent in subsequent Mesopotamian societies.

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The most noteworthy specimen from the Babylonian culture is the epic Gilgamesh. We have observed although Sumerian tales of his experiences, Semitic accounts are the more common. King Gilgamesh of Uruk. Goddess Ninsun and son of the priest Lugalabanda. Gilgamesh is a human being but possesses celestial power. However, that power was initially used for the good of the people but ultimately became the primary norm of oppression. Gradually it became so extreme that Gilgamesh held the women and daughters of the realm for a while for his enjoyment and undertook manual labor with the men. (Mesopotamian culture, Mesopotamian religion, Mesopotamian divinity)

The people of Qatar knocked their heads to the temple. I wanted to get rid of it. The hearts of the gods melted. The semi-barbarian Enkidu was invented as an adversary to Gilgamesh. He is like Gilgamesh everywhere; only his body is covered with hair. At first, Enkidu lived in the jungle. (Mesopotamian culture, Mesopotamian religion, Mesopotamian divinity)

Gilgamesh can learn about her first in a dream and later through a hunter. The emperor dispatched a gorgeous woman to get the semi-civilized man out of the forest. When Enkidu came to the city, he heard the narrative of Gilgamesh. And a horrific fight began. Since both are equal, this fight might go on forever. He recognized it once the war ended through friendship.

There is no comparable to such friendship. Gilgamesh and Enkidu formed a combined operation. Killed the monster Humbaba. On the way back, Goddess Ishtar encountered Gilgamesh and proposed marriage. But he refused with scorn. That Ishtar was angry and took the bull to punish the real Gilgamesh. Maybe the aim would have achieved, But Enkidu stood in the way. Killed the bull.

Meanwhile, the gods also became incensed and took Enkidu’s life. The biography of the most revered people of Gilgamesh. Gilgamesh is not a potter. He campaigned side by side to conquer death. He met Utnapishtim, a survivor of the Great Flood. Returned home with the Sanjivani Lata; That vine can save people from dying. But destiny is challenging. He lost the vine while bathing in the pond. Takes a snake. Enkidu is no longer returned.

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That myth is indication of precisely how influential fate has been considered in Mesopotamia. On the one hand, the example of Utnapishtim implies some humans may gain immortality under the favor of the gods. They could not reverse the destiny of Enkidur even with the efforts of a strong man like Gilgamesh. (Mesopotamian culture, Mesopotamian religion, Mesopotamian divinity)

From Sumer to Babylon, the plea for human existence has not been as loud as the exclusive dominion of the gods over practically the entire civilization. People are like dolls in the hands of destiny. However, following Semitic religions have endeavored to overcome that concept.

The Akkadian religion has drawn a line beneath human potential. It is difficult to bridge the distance between man and god. The limitations of man are immeasurable. However, he bears the spirit given to him by the gods inside. However, man can receive the grace of the gods by worship. (Mesopotamian culture, Mesopotamian religion, Mesopotamian divinity)

Temples are, therefore, sites from where the human spirit gets powerful by obtaining power from the gods. The word Babylon derives from Bab-ilani, which meaning the gates of the gods. Where the deity appears, or via which one can appear before the Creator. That is the connection between this world and the.


In Sumerian civilization, people knew heaven as Dilmun. There are gods. After the death of man, the soul goes to hell. Those souls who did not receive a suitable funeral returned to the world and were tortured. They usually gave burial near to the house. As a result, tombs exist within every home. The tradition of presenting food for the soul of the deceased was also not uncommon. The traditions of the Kabirajs were likewise essentially religious. They took separate steps for women and men.

The creative chapter of Mesopotamian civilization ended approximately 1500 BC. Later, the lush regions of the Tigris and Euphrates collapsed. But the tradition they have cultivated over the millennia has moved from east to west—the Hindu Kush to the west coast of the Mediterranean. (Mesopotamian culture, Mesopotamian religion, Mesopotamian divinity)

Canaan and the Phoenician region, in particular, have flowed. The significance of their beliefs on the growth and restoration of the later Hebrew culture was not inconsequential at all. The account of the fall of Adam, the battle between Abel and Cain, the Flood of Noah, the patience of the prophet Ayub and other narratives are set in Mesopotamia. That is the birthplace of the Semitic prophet Ibrahim. The Bible and the New Testament are both his documents.

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